Present Positions

  • Present 2009

    Advisor Bird Control Expert

    Aeroporto di Genova, Genoa Int. Airport

  • Present 2003

    Advisor Bird Control Expert

    SOGAER, Cagliari Int. Airport

  • Present 1998

    Translator and Article Writer

    Gruppo Ed. L'Espresso, National Geographic Magazine Italy

  • Present 1993

    Scientific Advisor and Ste.Co.

    ENAC Bird Strike Committee Italy, Italian Civil Aviation Authority

  • Present 1989

    Advisor Bird Control Expert

    AdR, Fiumicino & Ciampino Int. Airports

Education & Training

  • Ph.D. Candidate 2012

    Ph.D. in Environmental and Evolutionary Biology

    Sapienza University of Rome, Italy

  • R.F.1992-1994

    Research fellowship in bird migration

    ISPRA - Institute for Environmental Protection and Research, Ozzano Emilia (BO)

  • M.D.1989

    Master Degree in Biology cum laude

    Sapienza University of Rome, Italy

  • Internship1982-1983

    Professional Training Course EEC - ENAIP

    Loughborough Tech. College & Legal Dpt. Charnwood County, UK

Honors, Awards, Roles and Grants

  • 2013 - 2014
    Riserva Naturale Litorale Romano Scientific Committee Member
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    Designated by the Italian Minister of Environment as Member of the Scientific Committee of the Riserva Naturale Statale del Litorale Romano.
  • 2012-2014
    WBA Project Leader
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    Designated by the Scientific Director of the World Birdstike Association (former International Bird Strike Committee) as Project leader for building a WBA Airport Register.
  • 2012 - 2014
    WWF Lazio Council Member
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    Elected Councilor of the Lazio Regional Board of WWF Italy.
  • 2011 - 2015
    CISO Ste.Co. Member
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    Elected Member of the Steering Committee of the Centro Italiano Studi Ornitologici, the Italian Trust for Ornithology.
  • 2010 - 2013
    CITES Scientific Authority Member
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    Designated for the second time by the Italian Minister of Environment as Officer of the CITES Italian Scientific Authority for the enforcement of the Washington Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.
  • 2007 - date
    WWF Oasi Scientific Committee Member
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    Designated by the Ste.Co. of WWF Oasi Company as Member of the Scientific Committee.
  • 2005 - date
    ICAO Expert
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    Recognized as Member of the International Civil Aviation Organization Roster of Experts for Wildlife Strike problems.
  • 2004 - date
    WWF Italy Scientific Committee Member
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    Designated by the National Board of World Wide Fund Italy as Member of the Scientific Committee.
  • 1999 - 2003
    CITES Scientific Authority Member
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    Designated by the Italian Minister of Environment as Officer of the CITES Italian Scientific Authority for the enforcement of the Washington Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.
  • 1992-2012
    IBSC Founding Member
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    I entered Bird Strike Committee Europe in 1992, and by 2000, when it become International Bird Strike Committee, I was recognized as Founder Member.
  • 1992 - 1994
    ISPRA Research Fellowship
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    I won a two-years research grant at the Institute for Environmental Protection and Research where I co-coordinated international research projects on bird migration (e.g. Progetto Piccole Isole), trained and promoted the Italian bird ringers, supported the Italian bird ringing scheme (CNI).
  • 1981 - date
    SROPU Founding Member
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    I entered the Stazione Romana per l'Osservazione e la Protezione degli Uccelli in 1981. During the years, I was elected Secretary, Director and at present Member of the Board and Member of the Scientific Panel of Alula, the SROPU's Journal.

Current Positions

  • Present 2009

    Advisor Bird Control Expert

    Aeroporto di Genova, Genoa Int. Airport

  • Present 2003

    Advisor Bird Control Expert

    SOGAER, Cagliari Int. Airport

  • Present 1998

    Translator and Article Writer

    Gruppo Ed. L'Espresso, National Geographic Magazine Italy

  • Present 1993

    Scientific Advisor and Ste.Co.

    ENAC Bird Strike Committee Italy, Italian Civil Aviation Authority

  • Present 1989

    Advisor Bird Control Expert

    AdR, Fiumicino & Ciampino Int. Airports

Work History

  • 1988 1985

    Photographer & Scientific Advisor

    Panda Photo s.r.l. Nature Photographic Agency (Rome).

  • 1990 1986

    Scientific Advisor

    Agriconsulting S.P.A. (Rome)

  • 1989 1987

    Scientific Advisor

    WWF Italy (Rome)

  • 1993 1990

    Scientific Author

    Curcio Editore S.p.A. (Rome)

  • 1991 1990

    Bird Control Advisor

    Soprintendenza Archeologica (Rome)

  • 1996 1994

    Scientific Officer

    Ministry of Environment & WWF Italy (Rome)

  • 1997 1997

    Scientific Translator

    Eclectica Multimedia Publishing (Rome)

  • 1998 1997

    Scientific Officer

    WWF International - Mediterranean Programme Office (Rome)

  • 2000 1998

    Scientific Director

    Bioparco S.P.A. - former Rome Zoo (Rome)

  • 2002 2000

    Scientific Advisor

    Institute of Applied Ecology (Rome)

  • 2008 2000

    Scientific Advisor

    Mizar s.r.l. Science Communication (Rome)

  • 2002 2001

    Project Coordinator

    IUCN - International Union for Nature Conservation (Gland)

  • 2008 2002

    Project Coordinator & Scientific Advisor

    Institute of Applied Ecology (Rome)

  • 2004 2004

    On Contract Professor

    Dept. Biology and Biotechnologies "C. Darwin" - Sapienza Rome University (Rome)

  • 2005 2005

    Wildlife Control Expert

    ICAO - Internationale Civil Aviation Organization (Pristina)

  • 2007 2006

    Scientific Advisor

    Bioparco S.P.A. - former Rome Zoo (Rome)

  • 2006 2006

    Project leader

    Dept. Biology and Biotechnologies "C. Darwin" - Sapienza Rome University (Rome)

  • 2009 2007

    Advisor researcher

    Dept. Biology and Biotechnologies "C. Darwin" - Sapienza Rome University (Rome)

  • 2010 2008

    Advisor Researcher

    ISPRA - Institute for Environmental Protection and Research, Ozzano Emilia (BO)

  • 2008 2007

    Park Director

    National Marine & Terrestrial Protected Area “Isole di Ventotene e S. Stefano” (LT)

  • 2009 2009

    On Contract Professor

    Dept. Biology and Biotechnologies "C. Darwin" - Sapienza Rome University (Rome)

  • 2014 2011

    Advisor Researcher

    Regione Sardegna & Anthus s.r.l. (Sardinia)

  • 2014 2013

    Project Coordinator

    Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Regioni Lazio e Toscana - IZSLT (Rome)

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Gli Storni di Roma

Albicocco C, Pedrocchi F (a cura di)
Interview Moebius Radio 24 - 09 Gennaio | 2016 |

Abstract

È una notizia che circola da giorni: la città di Roma preda di una miriade di storni che mettono in crisi la viabilità cittadina dopo aver reso scivoloso il manto stradale con le loro deiezioni. I numeri degli esemplari presenti a Roma forniti in questi giorni è variabile, così come le misure adottate per contrastare un fenomeno molto comune in tante metropoli del mondo. Quanti sono gli storni che vivono a Roma e perché solo adesso costituiscono un problema? Parliamo di un milione di esemplari. Lo storno è un animale molto adattabile e ha una serie di vantaggi a vivere in folti gruppi. Durante il giorno si reca nella campagne a cercare cibo e la notte torna in città, dove le temperature sono più alte, comportandosi come una sorta di pendolare al contrario. In tutto il mondo è in corso una “guerra allo storno”, portata avanti con i metodi più bizzarri, dall’introduzione di alcuni falchi nell’ecosistema fino, addirittura, alla dinamite, utilizzata in Belgio. Tuttavia è bene considerare soluzioni di altro tipo, inquadrando meglio il fenomeno, come ci ha spiegato Alessandro Montemaggiori, ornitologo dell’Università “La Sapienza” di Roma, in questa intervista. Ma le soluzioni dovrebbero non farci rinunciare a un grande spettacolo. I foltissimi stormi di storni sul cielo di Roma, che compatti disegnano geometrie variabili e affascinanti, rappresentano uno spettacolo straordinario che non è sfuggito a molti documentaristi internazionali.

Viaggiatori Straordinari: storie di migrazioni e animali

Bulgarini F, Fraticelli F, Montemaggiori A
Book Orme - Lit Edizioni Srl. 192 pp.| 2015 | ISBN: 88-6710-137-4 EAN: 9788867101375
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Analisi preliminare degli incidenti che coinvolgono individui di Occhione (Burhinus oedicnemus) in Italia

Biondi M., Manzia F., Pietrelli L., Montemaggiori A
Book Chapter In M. Biondi, L. Pietrelli, A. Meschini, D. Giunchi (eds.). Occhione - ricerca,monitoraggi,conservazione di una specie a rischio. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina, le scienze (22), 212 pp. | 2015 | ISBN: 978-88-89504-45-1
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On how much biodiversity is covered in Europe by national protected areas and by the Natura 2000 network: insights from terrestrial vertebrates

Maiorano L, Amori, G, Montemaggiori A, Rondinini C, Santini L, Saura S., Boitani L.
Journal Paper Conservation Biology. doi: 10.1111/cobi.12535 | 2015 |

Abstract

The European Union has made extensive biodiversity conservation efforts with the Habitats and Birds Directives and with the establishment of the Natura 2000 network of protected areas, one of the largest networks of conservation areas worldwide. We performed a gap analysis of the entire Natura 2000 system plus national protected areas and all terrestrial vertebrates (freshwater fish excluded). We also evaluated the level of connectivity of both systems, providing therefore a first estimate of the functionality of the Natura 2000 system as an effective network of protected areas. Together national protected areas and the Natura 2000 network covered more than one-third of the European Union. National protected areas did not offer protection to 13 total gap species (i.e., species not covered by any protected area) or to almost 300 partial gap species (i.e., species whose representation target is not met). Together the Natura 2000 network and national protected areas left 1 total gap species and 121 partial gap species unprotected. The terrestrial vertebrates listed in the Habitats and Birds Directives were relatively well covered (especially birds), and overall connectivity was improved considerably by Natura 2000 sites that act as stepping stones between national protected areas. Overall, we found that the Natura 2000 network represents at continental level an important network of protected areas that acts as a good complement to existing national protected areas. However, a number of problems remain that are mainly linked to the criteria used to list the species in the Habitats and Birds Directives. The European Commission initiated in 2014 a process aimed at assessing the importance of the Birds and Habitats Directives for biodiversity conservation. Our results contribute to this assessment and suggest the system is largely effective for terrestrial vertebrates but would benefit from further updating of the species lists and field management.

Recenti Segnalazioni di Ixodes festai in Sardegna (Ixodida, Ixodidae)

Toma, L, De Liberato C, Magliano A, Montemaggiori A, Di Luca M, Mereu Piras P, Fois F.
Journal Paper Bollettino dell’Associazione Romana di Entomologia, 69 (1-4): 1-5. | 2014 |

Abstract

Early findings of Ixodes festai in Sardinia. (Ixodida, Ixodidae)

Ixodes festai Rondelli, 1926 is a poorly known bird parasite tick, almost unknown in its bionomics, spread, health risk and immature forms. In this short note the finding of four specimens, all females of this species is reported; they were found in Sardinia island, province of Cagliari, Italy, two in 2007 and two in 2014. The collections, occurring in opportunistic manner, were carried out on Turdus merula and on T. philomelos, mean distance migrant birds. Specimens were morphologically identified and represent a contribution to the list of the findings of I. festai, that constitute the only data about its occurrence in Italy. Further investigations on this species and on its possible role as pathogens vectors are required.

Prima nidificazione con successo di Cicogna nera Ciconia nigra nel Lazio

Brunelli M, Montemaggiori A, Prola G, Sestieri L
Journal Paper Alula XXI (1-2): 76-78 | 2014 |

Abstract

First successful reproduction of Black Stork Ciconia nigra in Latium (Central Italy)

Since 2002 Black stork attempted to breed unsuccessfully in a deep forested canyon in Viterbo’s Province (Latium). On 10.08.2014 three juveniles successfully left a big nest built on Quercus ilex grown up on a side of the canyon. It is the first time the species successfully reproduces in Central Italy, while present only in Piedmont (N. Italy) and in Campania, Apulia and Basilicata (S. Italy).

Troppi gli uccelli a rischio estinzione, salviamo quelli dal Dna più ricco

Bencivelli S
Interview La Repubblica - 14 Aprile | 2014 |

L'ultimo volo di Martha, la colomba migratrice

Albicocco C, Occhipinti S (a cura di)
Interview Moebius Radio 24 - 11 Marzo | 2014 |

Abstract

Tre miliardi di esemplari in un unico stormo. Una straordinaria peculiarità che faceva della colomba migratrice la specie di uccello più numerosa al mondo. Faceva, perché ora non esiste più. L’ultimo esemplare è morto cento anni fa esatti, nel 1914, in uno zoo americano. Si chiamava Martha ed era l’unica testimonianza vivente di una specie, Ectopistes migratorius, portata all’estinzione dalla follia umana. Così l’ornitologo JJ Audubon descrive la scena terrificante della strage di uno stormo di colombe migratrici a opera dell’uomo: "Quando si accesero le torce lo spettacolo che si appalesó ai miei occhi era tanto incredibile quanto orrido. Gli uccelli colpiti si ammassavano a terra, intorno ai tronchi, formando grandi mucchi. Qua e là i rami cadevano per il peso degli uccelli posati, trascinandosi dietro alcune vittime. Tutto intorno a me c’era tumulto, furore e pazzia. Non si notava neanche più il rumore dei fucili. Mi rendevo conto che qualcuno aveva sparato solo quando vedevo il cacciatore ricaricare il suo fucile. Nessuno si azzardava a entrare nel bosco: tutti uccidevano dai margini. Anche i maiali erano ancora nei recinti: il loro intervento era previsto solo per l’indomani... Il silenzio si reimpadroní dei boschi solo verso l’alba. Poco prima che il sole spuntasse, le colombe sopravvissute si levarono in volo, proseguendo la migrazione, mentre l’ululato dei coyote, dei lupi ci ricordava che non eravamo gli unici predatori nel bosco. A quel punto anche gli uomini osarono avventurarsi nel bosco, fra le colombe morte, quelle ferite, quelle moribonde, quelle mutilate. Gli uccelli vennero raccolti, messi in mucchietti ordinati, finché ciascuno si impadroní di tanti quanti ne potesse ragionevolmente accatastare. Poi si lasciarono liberi i maiali, perché si nutrissero di quelle che rimanevano al suolo".
Ermanno Bencivenga, filosofo dell’università di California e autore di numerosi saggi, ha ricordato la scomparsa di Martha in un articolo recentemente apparso sull’inserto della Domenica del Sole 24 ore. Con Bencivenga e con Alessandro Montemaggiori, ornitologo de La sapienza di Roma, raccontiamo la storia di questa specie straordinaria. Tanti americani in quel primo settembre del 1914 piansero davanti alla voliera vuota di Martha, incommensurabili le lacrime versate in seguito per la scomparsa di migliaia di specie, ma la lezione non l’abbiamo ancora imparata.

Modelling the response of European breeding birds to climate change: combining expert-based and statistical approaches

Montemaggiori A, Guisan A, Thuiller W, Zimmermann NE, Maiorano L
Lecture XVII Convegno Italiano di Ornitologia - Trento 11-15 September| 2013 |

Abstract

Climate change is emerging as the greatest threat to natural communities in most of the world’s ecosystems, with mid- and long-range scenarios expected to produce greater extinction rates than habitat loss, currently deemed the top threat to biodiversity. One in eight species of bird is pushed towards extinction by climate change, according to the latest assessment of the IUCN. Time shifting and alteration of phenology, shifting and shrinking of geographical distributions and community disruption are only some of the direct and indirect consequences of climate change on bird populations. This has been clearly demonstrated by many long-time scale field studies and species- and location-specific analyses. Effects of climate change on breeding bird species are often predicted by projecting into future climate scenarios the current species’ climate niche, as estimated with correlative species distribution models. Although widely used and, often, highly successful, these models (and the related projections) are generally calibrated considering only climate variables, without accounting for habitat, biotic interactions and dispersal distances. In order to build more realistic scenarios for changes in the distribution of species breeding in continental Europe, we propose a modeling approach based on the combination of state-of-the-art bioclimatic models, with expert-based habitat suitability and distance to current distribution. Thus, for each species, we developed three layers: a) a bioclimatic model calibrated with an ensemble forecasting approach, considering six climatic variables (annual mean temperature, annual precipitation, mean temperature of the coldest month, growing degree days, summer and winter precipitation) and species’ occurrences according to EBCC Atlas’ 50 x 50 km cells with semi-quantitative data and high coverage completeness; b) an expert-based habitat suitability model which considers land use (Globe Cover), elevation (SRTM) and distance to water (as mapped by CCM21 database) and c) the distance from the present distribution of the species, mapped according to BirdLife. Assuming that the three layers are largely independent, we calculated for each species a final model of the relative probability of presence by multiplying the three maps. We evaluated the reliability of the models using independent points of presence collected mainly in Italy, Spain, UK, Sweden, and Norway. In particular, we calculated the Boyce index (an index of the calibration capacity of the models) for both the classical bioclimatic model and for the final model of relative probability of presence. Our results clearly demonstrate that our approach produces more accurate and better performing models compared to simple bioclimatic ones. Combining our approach with future scenarios for land use and climate, it will be possible to build more robust models showing potential changes in species distribution. Furthermore, it will be possible to incorporate also models of species’ biotic interactions and dispersal distances, providing a biologically richer outcome.

Threats from climate change to terrestrial vertebrate hotspots in Europe

Maiorano L, Amori G, Capula M, Falcucci A, Masi M, Montemaggiori A, Pottier J, Psomas A, Rondinini C, Russo D, Zimmermann NE, Boitani L, Guisan A
Journal Paper PLoS ONE 8(9): e74989 | 2013 |

Abstract

We identified hotspots of terrestrial vertebrate species diversity in Europe and adjacent islands. Moreover, we assessed the extent to which by the end of the 21st century such hotspots will be exposed to average monthly temperature and precipitation patterns which can be regarded as extreme if compared to the climate experienced during 1950-2000. In particular, we considered the entire European sub-continent plus Turkey and a total of 1149 species of terrestrial vertebrates. For each species, we developed species-specific expert-based distribution models (validated against field data) which we used to calculate species richness maps for mammals, breeding birds, amphibians, and reptiles. Considering four global circulation model outputs and three emission scenarios, we generated an index of risk of exposure to extreme climates, and we used a bivariate local Moran’s I to identify the areas with a significant association between hotspots of diversity and high risk of exposure to extreme climates. Our results outline that the Mediterranean basin represents both an important hotspot for biodiversity and especially for threatened species for all taxa. In particular, the Iberian and Italian peninsulas host particularly high species richness as measured over all groups, while the eastern Mediterranean basin is particularly rich in amphibians and reptiles; the islands (both Macaronesian and Mediterranean) host the highest richness of threatened species for all taxa occurs. Our results suggest that the main hotspots of biodiversity for terrestrial vertebrates may be extensively influenced by the climate change projected to occur over the coming decades, especially in the Mediterranean bioregion, posing serious concerns for biodiversity conservation.

Introduzione al wildlife strike

Montemaggiori A
Lecture Seminario Italian Flight Safety Committee "Wildlife Strike: Problemi e Soluzioni" - Roma 4 Dicembre | 2013 |

E Se Domani: Pericolo birdstrike!

Di Placido R
Documentary E Se Domani... Rai 3 - 12 Gennaio | 2013 |

New standards for preventing wildlife strike hazard at Italian airports: results of the first year of application

Montemaggiori A, Ciotta U, Grillanda R, Eminente C
Lecture XXX International Bird Strike Conference - Stavanger, Norway: 25-29 June | 2012 |

Abstract

In December 2011 ENAC (Italian CAA) released new standards regarding prevention of wildlife strike hazard at Italian airports (Regolamento per la Costruzione e l’Esercizio degli Aeroporti and Circolare ENAC APT-01B). Providing detailed guidelines, the new rules regulate all aspects of the problem such as reporting, environmental assessment, monitoring, operating procedures, training and risk assessment,. Moreover roles, tasks and responsibilities are clearly identified. For the first time the airport operator has been given the task to monitor and identify potential sources for wildlife attraction in the vicinity of the airport. At the same time a new standard for the wildlife risk assessment was introduced (BRI2) to replace the out of date previous one (number of yearly strikes out of 10.000 aircraft movements). BRI2 takes into account the ecological characteristics of the wildlife communities present in each airport area, the local history of wildlife strikes, their effects on flight, the number of aircraft movements, etc., and enable the comparison of results among different airports. How this new standard changes the overall picture of Italian airports in terms of wildlife risk assessment is showed in the present contribution.

Birdstrike Risk Index (BRI2): a new approach to the wildlife strike risk assessment

Montemaggiori A, Soldatini C, Albores-Barajas YV, Lovato T, Andreon A, Torricelli P, Corsa C, Georgalas V
Poster XXX International Bird Strike Conference - Stavanger, Norway: 25-29 June | 2012 |

Abstract

An ecological approach to wildlife strike risk assessment was implemented and the resulting algorithm (BRI2) was used to assess the wildlife risk at Italian airports (http://bit.ly/HbiNNK). The BRI2 takes into account the ecological characteristics of the wildlife communities present in each airport area, the local history of wildlife strikes, their effects on flight, the number of aircraft movements, etc. The main achievement is a site-specific analysis that avoids flattening wildlife strike events on a large scale while maintaining comparable airport risk assessments. The Birdstrike Risk Index (BRI2) is a sensitive tool that provides different time scale results allowing appropriate management planning. The methodology applied has been developed together with the Italian Civil Aviation Authority (ENAC), which decided to introduce it as the new standard regarding wildlife strike risk assessment at Italian airports (Regolamento per la Costruzione e l’Esercizio degli Aeroporti and Circolare ENAC APT-01B).

Cambia la bussola dei piccioni viaggiatori

Sassano M
Interview ANSA - 14 Aprile | 2012 |

Inanellamento e conservazione: il Progetto Piccole Isole

Montemaggiori A
Lecture II Giornata Romana di Ornitologia - Univ. Roma Tre - 24 Novembre | 2012 |

Un colore per ogni nuova specie

Sassano M
Interview ANSA Scienza e Tecnica 10 Maggio | 2012 |

Troppi gli uccelli a rischio estinzione, salviamo quelli dal Dna più ricco

Bencivelli S
Interview La Repubblica - 14 Aprile | 2012 |

Il cuculo volò sul nido altrui

Gallavotti B (a cura di)
Interview Moebius Radio 24 - 21 Giugno | 2011 |

Abstract

Non ha dubbi il piccolo beccamoschino africano, chiamato anche prinia: quell'uovo non è suo. E quindi passa decisamente all'azione. La posta in gioco è troppo alta: se quell'uovo si schiudesse, il nido avrebbe un piccolo abitante abusivo, che quasi certamente determinerebbe la morte di tutti i pulcini nati dalle uova del legittimo proprietario del nido. Un nuovo studio dell'università di Cambridge svela sorprendenti segreti della lunghissima lotta fra i beccamoschini africani e i tessitori parassiti che da tempo immemorabile ne insidiano le covate, ed è anche l'occasione per ricordare l'analogo duello che nelle nostre foreste vede protagonisti, nel ruolo dei cattivi, i cuculi.
Ne parliamo con Alessandro Montemaggiori, esperto di ornitologia.

Wildlife strike risk assessment in several Italian airports: lessons from BRI and a new methodology implementation

Soldatini C, Albores-Barajas YV, Lovato T, Andreon A, Torricelli P, Montemaggiori A, Corsa C, Georgales V
Journal Paper PLoS ONE 6(12): e28920 | 2011 |

Abstract

The presence of wildlife in airport areas poses substantial hazards to aviation. Wildlife aircraft collisions (hereafter wildlife strikes) cause losses in terms of human lives and direct monetary losses for the aviation industry. In recent years, wildlife strikes have increased in parallel with air traffic increase and species habituation to anthropic areas. In this paper, we used an ecological approach to wildlife strike risk assessment to eight Italian international airports. The main achievement is a site-specific analysis that avoids flattening wildlife strike events on a large scale while maintaining comparable airport risk assessments. This second version of the Birdstrike Risk Index (BRI2) is a sensitive tool that provides different time scale results allowing appropriate management planning. The methodology applied has been developed in accordance with the Italian Civil Aviation Authority, which recognizes it as a national standard implemented in the advisory circular ENAC APT-01B.

La gestione dell'avifauna negli aeroporti: metodologie, risultati ed esportabilità delle esperienze in ambito urbano

Montemaggiori A
Lecture Seminario CERERE Regione Toscana: "Le popolazioni di piccioni nel contesto urbano. Predisposizione e sviluppo di un piano di controllo integrato e gestione del rischio" - Grosseto 25-26 Ottobre | 2011 |

Uccelli e aerei: un rapporto problematico

Montemaggiori A
Article AdR Noi 3/2011 | 2011 |

Succiacapre Caprimulgus europaeus, Storno Sturnus vulgaris

Montemaggiori A
Book Chapter In Brunelli M, Sarrocco S, Corbi F, Sorace A, Boano A, De Felici S, Guerrieri G, Meschini A e Roma S (a cura di). Nuovo Atlante degli Uccelli Nidificanti nel Lazio. Edizioni ARP (Agenzia Regionale Parchi), Roma, pp. 464 | 2011 | ISBN: 978-88-95213-46-0
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Superquark: Birdstrike

Gallavotti B
Documentary Superquark Rai 1 - 29 Luglio | 2010 |

Prolifici e cattivi così sono cambiati i gabbiani in città

Vincenzi ME
Interview La Repubblica - 25 Giugno | 2010 |

Passaggio in Italia

Montemaggiori A
Article National Geographic Magazine Italia - Novembre | 2010 |

Le instancabili sterne

Gallavotti B (a cura di)
Interview Moebius Radio 24 - 12 Febbraio | 2010 |

Abstract

Sulle tracce delle sterne codalunga (Sterna paradisaea, Sterna Artica), gli scienziati hanno scoperto che questi uccelli coprono 35.000 chilometri in 2-3 mesi per spostarsi da un Polo all'altro del pianeta, per poi tornare indietro alcuni mesi dopo. Ciascuna tappa di queste migrazioni poi può durare fino a 500 chilometri e alla fine della sua esistenza una sterna può aver coperto tre volte la distanza di un viaggio di andata e ritorno per la Luna: non male per un passeriforme del peso di poche decine di grammi! Ci siamo fatti raccontare questa epica migrazione, e il modo in cui noi umani riusciamo a seguirla, da una protagonista: una sterna codalunga in procinto di iniziare la travesata, affiancata dall'esperto ornitologo Alessandro Montemaggiori.

La Stazione Ornitologica di Castelporziano (Roma): 20 anni di inanellamento a scopo scientifico (1990-2009)

Landucci G, Ruda P, Taddei S, Boano A, Montemaggiori A
Journal Paper Alula XVII (1-2): 89-98 | 2010 |

Abstract

The Ornithological Station of Castelporziano (Rome): twenty years of ringing activity from 1990 to 2009

More than 50.000 birds belonging to 136 species were captured during twenty years of ringing activity in Castelporziano Forest, near Rome. Community indexes were used to explain variations of the avian community related to the complexity and stability of the habitat into the study area. Many recaptures permitted to obtain informa- tion about migration routes, homing and biology.

La tutela delle specie migratrici

Bulgarini F, Calvario E, Celada C, Fraticelli F, Massa B, Montemaggiori A, Spina F
Journal Paper Alula XVI: 69-71 | 2009 |

Abstract

Conservation of migratory species and their processes

A panel of experts elaborated a proposal for an efficient strategy of conservation of the migratory species in Italy. Within birds raptors, passerines and waterfowl were considered. Conservation measures were proposed for migrating invertebrates, freshwaters fishes, cetaceans and bats. Eight targets were identified to reduce main threats for migratory species: habitat loss and degradation, legal and illegal shooting, infrastructures’ impact, climate change, toxics, monitoring.

Il problema del birdstrike in italia: situazione attuale e scenari futuri

Montemaggiori A
Journal Paper Alula XVI: 420-425 | 2009 |

Abstract

Birdstrike in Italy: Present and Future

The risk of birdstrike is a serious problem all over the world. In January 2009 a flock of Canadian geese did force an Airbus A320 jet to crash-land on the Hudson River in New York, while in November 2008 a B-738 jet crashed in Rome Ciampino because of Starlings. In North America, Italy and most of the other countries bird strike haz- ards are dramatically increasing (in USA during 2009 more than 10.000 birdstrikes occurred, while in Italy they were 912), also because the populations of many bird species have increased dramatically since the last twenty years. In Italy the breeding population of Larus michahellis, one of the most involved species in birdstrikes, to- gether with Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) and Swift (Apus apus), doubled in the last 20 years. Most birdstrikes occur between May and September and during the morn- ing; 67% of them occur below 300 ft of altitude and 64% during landing (34% dur- ing take-off). The Bird Strike Committee Italy is the task force dealing with this is- sue since 1987. It is an ENAC (Italian Civil Aviation Authority) operative structure and since then collected many data from more than 40 airports. It achieved many re- sults, especially under the reporting point of view, and for the next future is planning several activities in order to mitigate and better monitor the birdstrike hazard in Italy.

Fratino Charadrius alexandrinus, Gambecchio comune Calidris minuta, Pittima reale Limosa limosa, Sterna maggiore Hydroprogne caspia, Mignattino comune Chlidonias niger

Montemaggiori A
Book Chapter In Brunelli M, Corbi F, Sarrocco S, Sorace A (a cura di). L’avifauna acquatica svernante nelle zone umide del Lazio. Edizioni ARP (Agenzia Regionale Parchi), Roma - Edizioni Belvedere, Latina, 176 pp. | 2009 | ISBN: 978-88-95213-25-5
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Se il migratore perde l'isola

Montemaggiori A
Article National Geographic Magazine Italia - Aprile | 2008 |

L'Isola dei migratori

Pastore L
Interview La Provincia - 23 Marzo | 2008 |

Succiacapre Caprimulgus europaeus, Ghiandaia marina Coracias garrulus, Specie nidificanti irregolari

Montemaggiori A
Book Chapter In Calvario E, Sebasti S, Copiz R, Salomone F, Brunelli M, Tallone G e Blasi C (a cura di). Habitat e specie di interesse comunitario nel Lazio. Edizioni ARP (Agenzia Regionale Parchi), Roma, pp. 400 | 2008 | ISBN: 978-88-95213-18-7
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Beyond falconry between tradition and modernity: a new device for bird strike hazard prevention at airports

Battistoni V, Montemaggiori A, Iori P
Conference Paper XXVIII International Bird Strike Committee Meeting - Brasilia - 24-28 November| 2008 |

Abstract

Most accredited studies in Italy and all over the world emphasize the problems related to traditional falconry used as a means against bird hazard at airports. Some negative features of using falcons are the impossibility to be employed during some periods of the year and adverse weather conditions, unforeseen animal behaviour, their biological needs, the tight dependency on the falconer and the limited employment over the day. Above all, high costs play a key role due to the value of the animals, to their training, to the number of birds necessary to be effectively operated on a medium/large size airport and finally to the employment features. The attempts to use remote-controlled model aircrafts instead of real falcons proved to be unsuccessful because of the habituation effect it produced on other birds, that are certainly harassed by the device, but do not recognize it as a natural bird of prey, whose hunting area must be avoided. So it is the frightening effect that is missing, upon which also other dispersal methods are based, such as distress calls or predator effigies. The use of full scale bird of prey accurate reproductions, engine powered and fully remote-controlled, seems to have reached the goal to match the natural predator effectiveness with employment flexibility, cost reduction and mass production.

Falchi e lanciarazzi per liberare gli scali

Mangiarotti A
Interview Corriere della Sera - 11 Novembre | 2008 |

Status degli uccelli alloctoni in Italia

Montemaggiori A, Scalera R
Lecture Fauna Problematica: Conservazione e Gestione - Rocca dei Papi, Montefiascone (VT) 8-9 Giugno | 2007 |

Temperature and rainfall anomalies in Africa predict timing of spring migration in trans-Saharan migratory birds

Saino N, Rubolini D, Jonzén N, Ergon T, Montemaggiori A, Stenseth NC, Spina F
Journal Paper Clim Res 35:123-134 | 2007 |

Abstract

The long-term advance in the timing of bird spring migration in the Northern Hemisphere is associated with global climate change. The extent to which changes in bird phenology reflect responses to weather conditions in the wintering or breeding areas, or during migration, however, remains to be elucidated. We analyse the relationships between the timing of spring migration of 9 species of trans-Saharan migratory birds across the Mediterranean, and thermal and precipitation anomalies in the main wintering areas south of the Sahara Desert and in North African stopover areas. Median migration dates were collected on the island of Capri (southern Italy) by standardized mist-netting during 1981 to 2004. High temperatures in sub-Saharan Africa (Sahel and Gulf of Guinea) prior to northward migration (February and March) were associated with advanced migration. Moreover, birds migrated earlier when winter rainfall in North Africa was more abundant. The relationships between relevant meteorological variables and timing of migration were remarkably consistent among species, suggesting a coherent response to the same extrinsic stimuli. All these results were obtained while statistically controlling for the long-term trend towards the earlier timing of spring migration across the Mediterranean that has been documented in previous analyses of the same dataset, a trend that was confirmed by the present analyses. In conclusion, our results suggest that thermal conditions in the wintering quarters, as well as rainfall in North African stopover areas, can influence interannual variation in migration phenology of trans-Saharan migratory birds, although the ecological mechanisms that causally link meteorological conditions to the timing of migration remain a matter of speculation.

I Boschi italiani: dalle Alpi al Mediterraneo

Aleffi M, Buffa G, Genovesi P, Hardersen S, Mason F, Montemaggiori A, Pirone G, Ravera S, Ronchieri I, Setti L, Sampinato G, Zapparoli M
Book Téchne Editore, Firenze: 191 pp. | 2007 |
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Cambiamenti climatici e uccelli: influenza delle variazioni climatiche sull’ecologia delle specie e capacità di adattamento

Montemaggiori A
Lecture "Le Ninfee di Meadows": Scenari e prospettive delle crisi globali del terzo millennio 14-16 Dicembre | 2006 |

The timing of spring migration in trans-Saharan migrants: a comparison between Ottenby, Sweden and Capri, Italy

Jonzen N, Piacentini D, Andersson A, Montemaggiori A, Stervander M, Rubolini D, Waldenstrom J, Spina F
Journal Paper Ornis Svecica 16, 27-33 | 2006 |

Abstract

Some migratory birds have advanced their spring arrival to Northern Europe, possibly by increasing the speed of migration through Europe in response to increased temperature en route. In this paper we compare the phenology of spring arrival of seven trans-Saharan migrants along their migration route and test for patterns indicating that migration speed varied over the season using long-term data collected on the Italian island of Capri and at Ottenby Bird Observatory, Sweden. There was a linear relationship between median arrival dates on Capri and at Ottenby. The slope was not significantly different from one. On average, the seven species arrived 15 days later at Ottenby compared to Capri. There was a (non-significant) negative relationship between the species-specific arrival dates at Capri and the differences in median arrival dates between Capri and Ottenby, possibly indicating a tendency towards faster migration through Europe later in the season. To what extent different species are able to speed up their migration to benefit from the advancement of spring events is unknown.

Le rondini? Adesso nidificano in garage

Furlan R
Interview Corriere della Sera - 9 Maggio | 2006 |

A study of species which are subject to import restrictions according to the Article 4.6 of Regulation 338/97

Montemaggiori A (Ed.)
Technical Paper Institute of Applied Ecology, European Commission - Directorate General Environment | 2004 |

Italian Ecological Network: the role of protected areas in the conservation of Vertebrates

Boitani L, Falcucci A, Maiorano L, Montemaggiori A
Book Animal and Human Biology Department, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Nature Conservation Directorate of the Italian Ministry of Environment, Institute of Applied Ecology.| 2003 | ISBN: 88-87736-03-0
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Sorpresa, i romani accettano gli storni

Bellino F
Interview La Stampa - 16 Dicembre | 2002 |

Il monitoraggio dei volatili in aeroporto: l'esempio di Fiumicino

Montemaggiori A
Journal Paper Alula IX (1-2): 32-45 | 2002 |

Abstract

The importance of bird monitoring at airports: the case of Fiumicino, Rome

According to a simple - but effective - methodology to monitor bird community and scaring devices adopted and tested at Fiumicino Airport (Rome) since 1989, the information gathered during the period 1989-90 and the period 1995-96 were compared. The obtained results show a decrease in the presence of Gulls (Larus cachinnans and Larus ridibundus) of more than 80%; Starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) decreased of 74,7% and Lapwings (Vanellus vanellus) of 24,2%. These results strongly highlight the importance of a continuous monitoring effort of the avian community at airports, in order to better calibrate and implement the bird-avoidance strategy, and to check the obtained results. Paper presented at the 24 International Bird Strike Committee - Stara Lesna, September 1998.

Rete Ecologica Nazionale. Un approccio alla conservazione dei vertebrati italiani. Relazione finale

Boitani L, Corsi F, Falcucci A, Marzetti I, Masi M, Montemaggiori A, Ottavini D, Reggiani G, Rondinini C
Technical Paper Ministero dell’Ambiente e del Territorio | 2002 |

Italian Network of Protected Areas

Boitani L, Falcucci A, Maiorano L, Montemaggiori A
Poster Ministero dell’Ambiente e del Territorio | 2002 |

The Nature 2000 Network in Italy

Boitani L, Falcucci A, Maiorano L, Montemaggiori A
Poster Ministero dell’Ambiente e del Territorio | 2002 |

National Ecological Network - The Vertebrate Component

Boitani L, Falcucci A, Maiorano L, Montemaggiori A
Poster Ministero dell’Ambiente e del Territorio | 2002 |

The Italian Vertebrates Network

Boitani L, Falcucci A, Maiorano L, Montemaggiori A
Poster Ministero dell’Ambiente e del Territorio | 2002 |

Italian Protected Areas Gap Analysis - the role of Vertebrates

Boitani L, Falcucci A, Maiorano L, Montemaggiori A
Poster Ministero dell’Ambiente e del Territorio | 2002 |

The Italian Vertebrates - irreplaceability analysis

Boitani L, Falcucci A, Maiorano L, Montemaggiori A
Poster Ministero dell’Ambiente e del Territorio | 2002 |

Italian Vertebrates & Protected Areas - irreplaceability analysis

Boitani L, Falcucci A, Maiorano L, Montemaggiori A
Poster Ministero dell’Ambiente e del Territorio | 2002 |

Il Progetto Piccole Isole (PPI): uno studio su ampia scala della migrazione primaverile attraverso il Mediterraneo

Montemaggiori A & Spina F
Book Chapter In Brichetti P. & Gariboldi A. Manuale pratico di ornitologia. Volume 3. Il Sole 24 Ore Edagricole, Bologna: 330 pp. | 2002 | ISBN-10: 8850648251, ISBN-13: 9788850648252
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Rete Ecologica Nazionale: il ruolo delle aree protette nella conservazione dei Vertebrati

Boitani L, Falcucci A, Maiorano L, Montemaggiori A
Book Dip. B.A.U. - Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, Dir. Conservazione della Natura – Ministero dell’Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio, Istituto di Ecologia Applicata.| 2002 | ISBN: 88-87736-02-2
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Airport 2011: uccelli in pista!

Montemaggiori A
Journal Paper Avocetta 25 (1): 125 | 2001 |

Compilazione dello Stato delle Conoscenze dei Vertebrati Terrestri del Parco Nazionale del Circeo

Montemaggiori A
Technical Paper Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell’Uomo - Università “La Sapienza” Roma: 184 pp. | 2000 |

Spring migratory routes of eight trans-Saharan Passerines through the central and western Mediterranean; results from a network of insular and coastal ringing sites

Pilastro A, Macchio S, Massi A, Montemaggiori A, Spina F
Journal Paper Ibis 140: 591-598 | 1998 |

Abstract

Detailed information on spring migration routes of songbirds across the Mediterranean is still scanty. Results are presented here from a study on the occurrence of eight Palaearctic-African migrants across the western and central Mediterranean based on ringing data collected during the Progetto Piccole Isole, a co-ordinated project based on standardized mist netting at 21 islands and coastal stations. The species were Melodious Warbler Hippolais polyglotta, Icterine Warbler Hippolais icterina, Bonelli's Warbler Phylloscopus bonelli, Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix, Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca, Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis, Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio and Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator. Their capture frequencies were expressed as the frequency of each species relative to the total number of migrants ringed at each station in order to correct for differences in capture effort between stations. For most species, the detailed, quantitative results confirmed the scanty information available so far, whereas in the case of Melodious Warbler and Bonelli's Warbler, evidence of undescribed and unexpected migration routes was found. These results suggest that standardized mist netting provides an important method for studying the migratory routes of small birds, in particular for those species which are not frequently ringed in their breeding and wintering grounds.

The importance of bird monitoring at airports: the case of Fiumicino (Rome)

Montemaggiori A
Conference Paper XXIV International Bird Strike Committee Meeting - Stara Lesna - 14-18 September| 1998 |

Abstract

According to a simple but effective methodology adopted and tested at Fiumicino Airport (Rome) since 1989, to monitor bird community and scaring devices, the information gathered during the period 1989-90 and the period 1995-96 were compared. The obtained results show a decrease in the presence of Gulls (Larus cachinnans and Larus ridibundus) of more than 80%; Starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) decreased of 74,7% and Lapwings (Vanellus vanellus) of 24,2%. These results strongly highlight the importance of a continuous monitoring effort of the avian community at airports, in order to better calibrate and implement the bird- avoidance strategy, and to check the obtained results.

Storno: storia di un successo evolutivo

Montemaggiori A
Article Galileo Giornale della Scienza online (http://www.galileonet.it) | 1997 |

Le zone umide in Italia

Montemaggiori A (Ed.)
Technical Paper WWF Italia. Settore Diversità Biologica. Serie Ecosistema Italia. DB2 | 1996 |

Back from Africa: who's running ahead? Differential migration of sex and age classes in Palearctic-African spring migrants

Spina F, Massi A, Montemaggiori A
Journal Paper Ostrich 65:139-150 | 1994 |

Abstract

The differential migration of sex and age classes in 16 species of Palearctic-African migrants during their northward spring journey through the Central Mediterranean has been investigated from a large data set collected on 4 Italian islands during the “Progetto Piccole Isole”. Species investigated were: Euro Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus, Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica, Yellow Wagtail Motacill flava. Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus, Whinchat Saxicola rubetra, Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe, Black-eared Wheatear O. hispanica, Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans, Whitethroat S. communis, Blackcap S. atricapilla, Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis, Pied Flycatcher F. hypoleuca. Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus, Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio, Woodchat Shrike L. senator, Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana. The seasonal trapping patterns of males and females have been analysed both from the total samples and on a yearly basis. Males have been found passing earlier than females in 14 out of 16 cases, with differences reaching the level of significance in 13 out of 16 species. In the selected species, although the general trapping patterns may vary significantly among years, a temporal gap between males and females remains a fairly constant feature. In a subsample of 13 1 adults are found to migrate earlier than yearlings in 18 or 26 cases (significant differences found in 12 cases), with a slightly higher incidence of earlier movements of adult birds in females than males. This strategy seems to be another feature of spring migration, as confirmed by more detailed analyses referred to samples collected on single years and/or sites.

Spring migration through the central Mediterranean: general rules and annual variations

Massi A, Montemaggiori A, Pilastro A, Spina F
Journal Paper Journal fur Ornithologie 135: 396 | 1994 |

The use of recoveries of ringed birds in order to assess potential bird hazard in aerodromes

Montemaggiori A, Dall'Antonia P, Romano G.
Conference Paper XXII Bird Strike Committee Europe Meeting - Vienna - 29 August- 2 September| 1994 |

Abstract

In order to give to each aerodrome a rough risk value regarding the potential bird hazard, recoveries of ringed birds (data from Italian Ringing Scheme) have been used. Six Italian International airports were selected as example sites (Milan, Venice, Genoa, Rome, Cagliari and Palermo) and recoveries around each site were analyzed. For each bird species a risk value was calculated considering weight, strike statistics, habitat and behaviour. Examples of montly and seasonal risk scales are shown for selected sites. This kind of analysis can be a usefull tool in order to give important information for bird strike hazard prevention.

Spring migration across central Mediterranean: general results from the "Progetto Piccole Isole"

Spina F, Massi A, Montemaggiori A, Baccetti N
Journal Paper Die Vogelwarte 37 (Sonderheft): 1-94 | 1993 |

Abstract

In 1988, the Istituto Nazionale per la Fauna Selvatica (formerly Istituto Nazionale di Biologia della Selvaggina) - Italian Ringing Scheme within EURING, Started a project to investigate the patterns of sea crossing by passerine migrants coming from their winter quarters in spring, lite main aims of this project, called Progetto Piccole Isole (Small Islands Project, PPl) are: a) to define the seasonal migratory patterns of different species and categories of migrants; b) to study the daily migratory patterns, in order to clarify if a non stop or intermittent flight strategy is used, with special reference to long-distance migrants; c) to investigate the geographical origin of the bird's which migrate through the Mediterranean in spring, and identify the different populations involved; d) to analyze the physical conditions of birds at different stages of sea crossing, and define the role played by the small islands as resting areas; e) to identify the main problems the migrants face while crossing the Mediterranean in spring, in terms of habitat and food availability, with special attention to conservation aspects. The project has been regularly running since 1988 on a constantly increasing number of sites within the Mediterranean. In this paper we will present some general results which originated from the first two years of the project, and referred to the 4 islands which could fully cover both ringing periods.

Proposta di metodologia da adottare in aeroporto per conoscerne la realtà ornitologica

Montemaggiori A
Conference Paper I Seminario del Bird Strike Committee Italy - Bologna 1 Aprile | 1993 |

L’attività canora invernale degli uccelli in una zona mediterranea

Fraticelli F, Montemaggiori A
Journal Paper Alula I (Numero Unico): 125-127 | 1992 |

Abstract

Winter song activity of birds in a mediterranean area

During December and January 1987-88 fully singing birds have been recorded in a Lathyro-Quercetum cerris wood, and in a meadow, in a Mediterranean woodland near Rome. Only the breeding species showed a full song activity, with a significant correlation between singing activity and density of birds (n° breeding pairs/10 ha) in the wood, and between n° of records (songs) and ten-day periods in Great Tit, Wren and Serin. The last two species, recorded in both area, singing only in wood (the breeding habitat). A progress in sing activity seems to happen in Short-toed Treecreeper and Blackcap too, according to the seasonal progress. Therefore we suggest that the winter singing activity, has a precocious breeding territory’s defense significance, instead of winter feeding territory’s defense.

Avian community at International airport of Fiumicino. A study for better facing bird hazard

Montemaggiori A
Conference Paper XXI Bird Strike Committee Europe Meeting - Jerusalem - 22-27 March | 1992 |

Abstract

The avian community of Rome International Airport of Fiumicino has been investigated from 1989 to 1991 with a project commissioned by the Operative Safety Division of Aeroporti di Roma Society. Linear Transect Method as been used and more than 1700 daily recording forms were filled. 88 species of birds were observed: 37 non Passerines and 51 Passerines. Yellow legged gull (Larus cachinnans), Black-headed gull (Larus ridibundus), Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus), Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) and Hooded Crow (Corvus cornix) resulted to be the most important species for risk of collision with landing and taking off aircrafts. Circannual data about their localization, number, periods of presence, flocking, habitat and time preferences, responses to scaring devices, etc. have been collected. The complete results of the research are at present used for planning a complete renewal programme of all scaring devices system.

Der Flughafen des Auslandes: Der Vogelbestand am internationalen Flughafen Fiumicino in Rom - Eine Studie zur besseren Bewältigung des Vogelschlagproblems

Montemaggiori A
Journal Paper Vogel und Luftverkehr Band 12 Heft 2: 135-148 | 1992 |

Abstract

Der Vogelbestand am Internationalen Flughafen Fiumicino in Rom ist von 1989 bis 1991 in einem Projekt untersucht worden, das von der Abteilung Operative Sicherheit der römischen Flughafengesellschaft vergeben wurde. Es wurden Linientaxierungen durchgeführt, und mehr als 1.700 tägliche Erfassungsbögen wurden ausgefüllt. 88 Vogelarten wurden beobachtet, davon 37 Nichtsingvogel- und 51 Singvogelarten. Weißkopfmöwe (Larus cachinnans), Lachmöwe (Larus ridibundus), Kiebitz (Vanellus vanellus), Star (Sturnus vulgaris) und Nebelkrähe (Corvus corone cornix) waren die für das Vogelschlagrisiko bei Start und Landung wichtigsten Arten. Daten über deren Aufenthaltsort, Anzahl, Anwesenheitsperioden, Schwarmbildung, Standortansprüche, tageszeitliches Auftreten, Ansprechen auf Vergrämungsgeräte usw. sind über zwei Jahre gesammelt worden. die gesamten Ergebnisse der Untersuchungen werden gegenwärtig verwendet,, um ein völlig neues Vergrämungsprogramm zu entwickeln.